There are many principles behind a well-designed space. People can discuss them with a designer during their virtual consultations for interior decorating. Check out these five principles of interior design.
When elements within a space appear to work together in unison or convey a clear theme or concept, unity is achieved. Unity is not attained if an area has objects that serve no specific purpose or do not relate to the rest of the items within or around it. Many well-organized rooms usually evoke a sense of unity.
Space represents the area subject to the design process. During the process, designers will consider the space above, below, or around specific items. They will also examine a particular area and determine its height, width, length, and shape.
Balance relates to the positioning and distribution of items in a space in a manner that yields equilibrium or visual harmony. There are three types of balance–symmetrical, asymmetrical, and radial. When the same visual elements are divided along a central axis, symmetrical balance is achieved. When different visual elements are divided along a central axis, asymmetrical balance is attained. Radial balance consists of items arranged in a circular fashion.
Focus represents a segment that is highlighted to grab a person’s attention. Designers may use contrast, size, color, texture, and shape to create focus. Spaces that consist of a focal point can attract an individual.
Areas that consist of rhythm have visual flow—an individual’s eyes can easily move around it. Rhythm can be created by repeating shapes, textures, or colors. Such repetition generates movement that one’s eyes can follow. It can also be generated by utilizing patterns, ordering elements from biggest to smallest, or applying a color gradient.
Interior design can completely transform a bland space. The principles associated with it are vital.